George M. Church's Tech Transfer, Advisory Roles, and Funding Sources (short url for this page: - Skip to Investors
The first date on each line indicates the year of company founding. (In parentheses are the dates & focus of my involvement.) Founder = F.
Note funding sources on Internet Archive since April 1997 with commercial advisory roles noted since Aug 2004.
Note that end-dates labeled "present" have been often missed during updating, but we are making an effort to improve this.

Genome Sequencing: (see also Next-gen overview and current genome prices)
Complete Genomics Sunnyvale CA 2006 BGI (2006-present; Next-gen sequencing services)
Danaher-Dover-Polonator Salem NH 2007 (2007-2012; sequencing instrument)
Genapsys Redwood City CA 2010 (2010-present) label-free nanosensor array sequencing.
Genia Mountain View, CA (2011-2018; then Roche; nanopores)
IBM Yorktown Heights, NY 1911 (2009-2012; DNA Sequencing).
IntelligentBioSystems (IBS, Qiagen) Waltham MA 2006 (2006-2012; Sequencing by Polymerase on beads)
Ion Torrent Guilford, CT 2008 (2009-2013; then LifeTech then Thermo Fisher ; electronic sequencing)
LightSpeed Genomics Sunnyvale CA 2007 (2007-2010; high-speed DNA sequencing)
Lynx - Solexa - Illumina   Hayward CA 1992; San Diego 1998 (2000-present; multiplex tags)
NABsys Providence, RI 2005 (2010-2015) SbH with nanopores.
Noblegen Biosciences Boston MA 2010 (2010-2014; optipore sequencing)
Roswell Biotechnologies San Diego CA 2016 (2016-present; Biomolecular sensors)
Xgenomes Cambridge MA 2014 (2014-present; Analytical optical instruments)

Clinical and Consumer Genomic Diagnostics:
4baseCare Karnataka India 2017 (2019-present; Cancer genomics)
Alacris Pharmaceuticals (Qiagen) Berlin 2008 (2008-present,F; Cancer genomics & systems biology)
Alveo Technologies Alameda CA 2018 (2019-present; Infectious disease diagnostics)
AOBiome Cambridge MA 2013 (2013-present; Skin Microbes)
Arivale Seattle, WA 2015 (2015-2019; Omics and wellness)
BetterHumans Florida 2011 (2011-present; aka Androcyte, 501(c)(3), Supercentenarians)
CloudHealth Genomics Shanghai 2017 (2017-present; pan-omics)
GPBio Shanghai 2017 (2017-present; DNA chip diagnostics)
Ecoeos San Francisco 2013 (2013-2016; Environmental chemicals and omics)
GenePeeks New York NY & Cambridge MA 2014 (2014-2018; pre-conception human genetics)
Good Start Genetics Cambridge 2009 (2009-2010; Molecular Diagnostics)
Genos San Francisco, 2016 (2016-2017; Personal Genomics)
Logic.Ink San Francisco CA 2015 (2015-present; Data collecting temporary tattoos)
Knome, Inc. [then Tute, then PierianDx] Cambridge MA 2007 (2007-2015,F; Human Genome Sequencing)
Med Data Quest (MDQ) San Diego CA 2015 (2015-present; Clinical genomics)
NextGenJane 2016 (2018-present; endometrial diagnostics)
NuProbe Cambridge MA 2018 (2017-present; Toehold tech)
Orbit Genomics Boulder CO 2016 (2017-present; precision medicine and DNA repeats)
Pathway Genomics San Diego CA 2008 (2013-present; Personal Genomics)
ReadCoor Boston MA 2014 (2014-present,F; In situ Sequencing)
Shield Dx San Jose, CA 2018 (2018-present; Infectious disease diagnostics)
Singlera Genomics La Jolla, CA 2015 (2017-present; Genetic diagnostics)
SmartSkinBiome San Francisco, CA 2018 (2018-present; skin microbes)
Twoporeguys Santa Cruz CA 2016 (2016-present; nanopore diagnostics)
Veritas Genetics Danvers MA 2015 (2015-present,F; Clinical Genomics)
23andme Mountain View CA 2006 (2006-present; personal genomics)

Computational, Nucleic Acid Memory, Brain Computer interfaces (BCI)
Centrillion 2017 (2017-present; DNA synthesis)
Alibaba DAMO Academy Hangzhou 2017 (2017-present; DAMO)
Kern Boston MA 2017 (2017-present,F; DNA synthesis)
Iridia San Diego CA 2017 (2018-present; DNA data storage)
Nebula Genomics Boston MA 2018 (2018-present,F; Blockchain, Homomorphic Encryption, Genome Sequencing)
Optra Health San Jose, CA 2015 (2018-present; Digital HealthCare) Cambridge MA 2017 (2017-present; Machine Learning)
SolveBio New York NY 2012 (2016-present; Computational genomics)

Synthetic Biology
64-x Boston MA 2017 (2017-present,F; Virus resistant cells)
7Tx 2019 (2019-present; deimmunizing)
Avammune Philadelphia PA 2017 (2019-present; ENPP1 inhibitors, STING pathway)
CellinoBiotech Cambridge MA 2017 (2017-present; ex vivo protein therapeutic delivery)
Cobalt Biomedicine VL39 Boston MA 2018 (2018-present; Sana therapeutics)
EnEvolv Cambridge MA 2011 (2011-present,F; genome engineering)
Enzymatics Beverly MA 2006 (2006-2015; Qiagen Large-scale, high quality enzymes)
FrontierBio San Francisco CA 2018 (2018-present; 3D bioprinting)
Gen9 Cambridge MA 2009 (2009-2017,F; Ginkgo, Synthetic Biology)
Genomatica   San Diego CA 2001 (2001-2016; microbial metabolic models)
Genome Compiler Corp San Francisco CA 2011 (2011-present; Twist, Genome CAD)
GRO Biosciences Cambridge, MA 2016 (2016-present,F; expanded genetic code)
Inari Medford MA 2016 (2016-present,F; agriculture)
INanoBio Tempe AZ 2007 (2017-present; Sensors & sequencing)
Memphis Meats New York NY 2015 (2016-present; tissue culture foods)
Nuclera Nucleics Cambridge UK 2014 (2017-present; DNA synthesis)
Petri Bio Cambridge MA 2019 (2019-present; Biotech accelerator)
Regenesis Institute Shenzhen 2017 (2017-present; recoding and DNA-storage) Venice, CA 2018 (2018-present; microbiome)
Synthego Redwood City CA 2016 (2017-present; RNA synthesis)
SIAT genome engineering and therapy research center Shenzhen 2019 (2019-present; mammalian genome recoding)
Tierra Biosciences [previously Synvitrobio] San Francisco CA (2015-present,F; In vitro proten synthesis)
The ODIN, Castro Valley CA 2013 (2016-present; Consumer SynBio)

Stem Cells & Therapeutics
AbVitro [then Juno-Celgene] Boston MA 2010 (2010-2018,F; Immunomes).
Adaptive Phage Therapeutics Gaithersburg, MD 2016 (2018-present; phage therapies)
Ally Tx Cambrige MA 2019 (2019-present,F; AAV & innate immunity.)
BioViva Seattle WA 2015 (2015-present; anti-aging gene therapies)
Caribou Biosciences Berkeley CA 2012 (2013-present; Cas9 tools) & Intellia 2014
Celemics Korea 2011 (2011-present; Genome engineering.)
Dyno Tx Cambrige MA 2018 (2018-present,F; AAV engineering.)
Peptilogics Pittsburgh, PA 2019 (2019-present; Engineered Cationic Antibiotic Peptides)
Alphazyme Jupiter, FL 2019 (2019-present; Enzymes)
Artemys New York NY 2019 (2019-present; Edited Cultivated ...)
Editas Cambridge MA 2013 (2013-present,F; Cas9 gene therapy)
Egenesis Bio Boston MA 2013 (2013-present,F; Cas9 non-human applications)
Elysium Health New York, NY 2014 (2015-present; Aging & genomic nutritional supplements)
Fitbiomics Boston MA 2015 (2015-present,F; Wellness & probiotics)
GenEdit Berkeley CA 2015 (2016-present; CRISPR delivery)
Holobiome Boston MA 2016 (2017-present; Brain-gut microbiome therapies)
HelixNano Cambridge MA 2013 (2016-present; non-viral gene delivery)
NeubaseTx Pittsburgh, PA, 2019 (2019-present; Therapeutics)
Transposagen Lexington KY 2003 (2014-present; Poseida Therapeutics, Hera Testing; Mammalian genome engineering)
Qihan Biotech Hangzhou, China 2018 (2018-present; pig genome engineering)
Recombinetics St. Paul, MN 2008 (2016-2019; animal genome engineering)
Rejuvenatebio Boston MA 2015 (2015-present,F; aging-reversal gene therapies)
SeresHealth Cambridge MA 2012 (2012-2016; microbiome therapeutics)
Shape Therapeutics Tumwater WA 2018 (2018-present; RNA therapies)
Single Cell Technology San Jose CA 2013 (2013-present; Therapeutic antibodies)
Skinome Santa Clara CA 2016 (2016-present; personalized skin care)
SNIPR Biome LTD Cambridge UK 2017 (2017-present; CRISPR + phage )
Technicolor SA Issy-les-Moulineaux, France 1914 (2012-present; Nucleic Acid Memory)
Verge San Francisco CA 2015 (2015-present; Neurotherapeutics)
Warp Drive Biosynthetics Boston MA 2011 (2011-2018,F; Natural product therapeutics)

Publishing and non-profit funding:
Altruistic Technology Labs Berkeley, CA 2019 (2019-present; global risk diagnostics, synbio attribution)
Arc Boston MA 2014 (2014-present; Biomed + IT fusion)
Advancement Initiative for Medicine and Science, AIMS Boston MA 2006 (2018-present; medical education)
Berggruen Institute Los Angeles CA 2014 (2017-present; Global dialog) Boston MA 2009 (2009-2010,F; DIYbio)
Brotman Baty Institute (BBI) Seattle Wa 2017 (2017-present; precision medicine)
Centre for Study of Existential Risk (CSER) Cambridge UK 2013 (2013-present; Risk)
Epstein Foundation St. Thomas, VI 2000 (2005-2007; cutting edge science & education)
Edge Foundation 1988 (2005-present; science communication)
Future of Life Institute (FLI) Cambridge MA 2014 (2014-present; technology risk management)
Genspace Brooklyn NY 2009 (2011-2017; DIY Bio)
Institute for Protein Innovation (IPI) Boston MA 2017 (2018-present; antibodies)
Lawrence Ellison Foundation Walnut Creek CA (2008-2013; Aging reversal)
Life Extension Advocacy Foundation (LEAF) Seaford, NY 2015 (2015-present; aging)
Lipper Family Charitable Foundation NJ (1996 & 2018; organoids and neurobiology)
Martine Rothblatt Silver Spring, MD (2018-2019; Lung biology and organoids)
MindFirst Foundation Boston MA 2014 (2014-present,F; mental illnesses)
Nature Publishing Group (NPG) 1869 (2005-present; senior editor, MSB)
Open Humans Boston MA 2016 (2016-present,F; open-access human bio-data) Boston MA 2004 (2004-present,F; open-access genome & trait data)
pgEd Boston MA 2006 (2013-present; personal genetics education)
Roman Oliynyk (2018-2019; Genome Project Write)
SENS Research Foundation Mountain View, CA 2009 (2013-present; aging)
Station for Natural Studies CT,MA 1986 (1986-present,F; genetics)
Scientific American 1845 (2008-present; editorial advisor) Playa Vista CA 1996 (2005-2014; sequencing & energy)

Financial, Investment, Legal Consulting:
ACLU, Supreme Court, Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics (2009; DNA diagnostics)
Amrita GP LLC New York NY 2016 (2016-present; biomedical investment)
Camden Nexus   Baltimore, MD 2019 (2019-present; Biomedical Technologies)
Crestwood Advisors LLC Boston MA (Investing)
DeMatteo Monness LLC 1997 (2011-2013; DNA Sequencing)
evalueSCIENCE 2011 (2011-2013; Science and policy advising)
Flagship Ventures   Cambridge MA 2000 (2000-present; genomics & informatics)
Georgarage LLC   Delaware 2014 (2014-2015; tech & biotech)
Guidepoint Global (2009-2013; Genomics technologies)
Gerson Lehrman Group (GLG) (2007-2013; Genomics technologies)
Humanity 2019 (2019-present; Wellness)
US Supreme Court --Susman Godfrey LLP Amici Curiae Ebay & vs MercExchange LLC (2006; Intellectual Property)

Companies licensing Church lab patents or software:
Agilent Technologies Palo Alto 1999 (2001-present; nucleic acid nanopore sensors)
Affymetrix (Affymax) Palo Alto CA 1993 (1990-2003; Oligonucleotide arrays)
Agencourt [then Beckman Coulter] Beverly MA 2000 (2003-2006; Polony bead sequencing by ligation)
Applied Biosystems Foster City CA 19 81 (2003-2006; via Agencourt, polony bead sequencing by ligation)
Codon Devices [then Gen9] Cambridge MA 2005 (2005-2009,F; Constructive Biology)
Millipore Bedford,MA (1989-1990; multiplex sequencing) and 2009-2013 via EMD
Mosaic Technologies  [then Apogent, Illumina] Boston MA 1994 (1993-94 & 2000-2001; DNA diagnostics)
Oxford NanoPore Technologies Kidlington UK 2005 (2008)
Pyrosequencing (also Biotage - 454)   Stockholm 2000 (2001-2005; modified dNTPs for array sequencing)

Past Advisory roles:
Adeptient Los Altos CA 2000 (2001-2002; inkjet aerosols for drug delivery and array manufacture)
Azco Biotech Oceanside CA 2003 (2009-2010; sequencing system)
Biogen Inc.   Cambridge MA 1978 (1984-1985; genomic sequencing)
BeyondGenomics   [then BGMedicine] Cambridge MA 2001 (2000-2004; biomarkers & systems biology)
Bionanomatrix Philadelphia PA 2008 (2009-2010; Fluorescent mapping)
Bruker Daltonics Billerica, MA 1960 (1993-1997; Mass-tags)
Biorad-Sadtler Philadelphia PA 1952, 1947 (1979-1981; DNA sequencing software)
Cambrian Genomics 2011 (2011-2014; nextgen DNA synthesis + synthesis)
Caliper Technologies    [then PerkinElmer] Palo Alto CA 1995 (1994-2002; microfluidics)
Cellular Dynamics International (CDI) Madison WI 2006 (2009-2016; Fujifilm, iPS stem cells)
CodonCode Corp.   Dedham MA 1996 (1996-2003); DNA sequencing software)
DNAdirect  MEDCO San Francisco CA 2004 (2006-2010; DNA diagnostics)
Genizon Cantaloupe Quebec 2008 (2008-2010; In situ sequencing)
Genome Pharmaceuticals (see GPC Biotech, Alacris)     Martinsried, Germany 1998 (1998-2003; genomics for drug targets)
EngeneOS (leading to: Epitome, CodonDevices, Gen9) Cambridge MA 2001 (2000-2005; Engineered Genetic Operating Systems)
Essentient Cambridge MA 2011 (2011-2013; global nutrition)
First Genetic Trust Chicago, IL 2001 (2001-2002; personal genetic information access)
FamilyGenetix Oxford, UK (2000-2001; Genetic patient history software & services)
Gamera [then Tecan LabCD] Medford MA 1995 (1998-2000; microfluidics)
Genomera San Francisco 2010 (2010-2014; Crowd-sourced Health Insight)
Genome Therapeutics (Oscient & Agencourt, previously Collaborative Research Inc.)   Waltham MA 1961 & 1993 (1984 & 1989-1994; microbial genomes)
GenProfile AG Berlin, Germany 1998 (1997-2001; multiplex haplotyping)
GreenFuel Technologies Corp. Cambridge MA 2004 (2005-2006; Photosynthetic CO2 emissions capture)
Halcyon Molecular Redwood City CA 2009 (2009-2012; Mbp read-length EM sequencing)
Helicos Biosciences Corp   Cambridge MA 2004 (2003-2012; Single-molecule DNA sequencing)
HySeq Chicago 1993 (1993; Sequencing by Hybridization)
Joule Unlimited Cambridge MA 2007 (2007-2015,F, Redrock; SolarFuels)
LS9   San Francisco CA 2005 (2006-2014,F; then REG Inc., Biologically engineered fuels)
Longenity Inc.; Boston MA 2001 (2001-2005; human aging)
NEB Beverly MA 1975 (2009-2010; protein synthesis)
Pacific Biosciences Menlo Park CA 2004 (2008-2013; real-time single-molecule sequencing)
Pathogenica [then BioInnovation Solutions] Cambridge MA 2010 (2010-2014,F; Pathogencity and Drug resistance diagnostics)
PharmoRx   Wellesley MA 2005 (2005-2013; secure medication)
Pronutria Cambridge, MA 2011 (2011-2016; Axcella, nutritional synbio)
Qteros (formerly SunEthanol) Amherst MA 2007 (2007-2011; Biofuels)
Receptor Biologix   [then Symphogen] San Francisco CA 2003 (2004-2007; alternative splicing)
Sangamo (Gendaq) Richmond CA 1995 (2000-2002; Zn-finger engineering)
Searna Boston MA 2015 (2015-2019; DNA enrichment diagnostics)
Sigma-Aldrich St. Louis 1934 (2009-2015; EMD, chemistry, cells, Board of Directors)
Telome Boston MA 2010 (2010-2014,F; Telomeres and aging)
uBiome San Francisco CA 2012 (2016-2019; microbiome measures)
Xeotron [then Invitrogen, Atactic ]  Houston TX 2000 (2001-2004; Light-directed DNA/RNA-microarray synthesis)

Corporate & non-profit research sponsors & collaborators not listed above:
Autodesk (2012-2017; caDNAano & personal genomics)
Aventis, Rhone-Poulenc Rorer & Hoechst Marion Roussel   Paris, Frankfurt, Collegeville PA, etc. 1990 (1998-2001; computational functional genomics)
BASF grant on metabolic engineering.
CP Foods grant on viral resistant animals
Hamilton Company Reno NV 1957 (1986-1990; multisample handing syringes).
Intelligent Automation [then IBS] Cambridge MA (1992-1996; multipin array oligo synthesizer).
Life Sciences Research Foundation Monsanto Postdoctoral Fellowship 1985-1986.
Lilly Indianapolis IN, 1876 (1998; bioinformatics)
Merck KGaA (EMD) Darmstadt 1688 (2009-2012; protein synthesis)
MJ Research Inc. Waltham MA 1987 (1986-1995; Pulsed Electrophoresis & PCR)
New England Nuclear [then NEN, Dupont/PerkinElmer] Boston MA 1956 (1982-1984; nylon membranes)
Polytech Products. Somerville MA 1982 (1982-1988; Sequencing electrotransfer devices)

Investors in Church Lab Startup Newcos (see also)
Alexandria Venture Editas, EGenesis, Seres
ARCH Venture Partners Arivale, EGenesis, Juno, Twist, Nebula
Biomatics Capital, Boris Nikolic Editas, EGenesis, Twist
Casdin Capital 23andme, Editas
CRV Dyno Therapeutics
Cultivian Sandbox Ventures EnEvolv
Deerfield Editas, PacBio
Decheng Capital ReadCoor
DFJ Gen9
Digitalis Ventures GRObio
EcoR1 Capital Editas, Intellia
Flagship Pioneering (FSV, AGCT) BeyondGenomics, CodonDevices, Essentient, Helicos, LS9, Joule, Pronutria, Seres, Editas
Fidelity Management and Research Company Editas, Intellia, Twist
F-Prime Capital Partners Nebula
Fenbushi Capital Nebula
Fifty Years HelixNano, Memphis Meats, TierraBio, 64-x
Google Ventures 23andme, Editas
Great Point Ventures
Greylock Partners WarpDriveBio
Hansjörg Wyss ReadCoor
Heartbeat Labs Nebula
Hemi Ventures Nebula
Heritage Provider Network GRObio
Hikma Ventures Nebula
Innovation Endeavors GRObio
Jennison Associates Editas
Khosla Ventures CodonDevices, EGenesis, LS9, Nebula
Lilly Asia Ventures ReadCoor, VeritasGenetics
Mayfield Nebula
Mirae Asset Nebula
Omega Funds Editas
OS Fund GRObio
Partners Innovation Fund Editas
Pillar Companies GRObio
Polaris Partners Arivale, Editas, Dyno
Rising Tide GRObio
T. Rowe Price Editas, PacBio
Third Rock Ventures WarpDrive, Editas
Trustbridge Partners VeritasGenetics
Uprising EGenesis
Viking Global Investors Editas, Ginkgo
Vivo Capital ReadCoor
Windham Venture Partners Nebula
Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati GRObio
Y-combinator 64-x, Xgenomes

Consulting and/or seminar (for companies not listed above)
Archer Daniels Midland
Blueprint Medicines
Casdin Capital
Cray Computer
Founders Fund
Le Laboratoire
Millennium Pharmaceuticals (now Takeda Oncology)
MPM Capital
Seven Bridges
Vertex Pharmaceuticals

See also support for:,,
Sponsors for our GET conferences 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016
Next Gen Sequencing Overview
Bloomberg Businessweek List of Connections
Updated 21-Feb-02020 by GMC. tRNA